Menhir

Le pietrefitte, o Menhir, erano originariamente dei grossi blocchi appena sbozzati posti in opera soprattutto in aree cimiteriali, ma anche all'interno di insediamenti o di ambiti di carattere cultuale. Con il passare dei secoli essi assunsero forme dal profilo tendenzialmente ogivale a sezione piano-convessa.

A Villa Sant'Antonio abbiamo una serie di esemplari riguardanti questa fase negli esempi di Cara Bassa e Cardixeddu, definiti anche Menhir protoantropomorfi. In seguito la loro figura si fece più equilibrata e slanciata sull'impalcatura ogivale di faccia piana, assumendo il carattere di Menhir antropomorfi. A Villa Sant'Antonio solo alcuni esemplari assumono queste caratteristiche.

Galleria

The menhirs

The pietre-fitte or menhirs were, originally, big blocks outlined as soon as located especially in sepulchral areas, but also into installations or in holy areas. Subsequently they had an ogival shape with plain-convex section primarily. In the Villa S.Antonio area there are a series of this phase samples as Cara Bassa and Cardixeddu, named also proto-anthropomorphous menhirs. Subsequently the menhirs were more balanced and slender on a ogival base with plain face, becoming anthropomorphous menhirs. In the Villa S.Antonio area some samples have these characteristics only. The third stage is defined by the statue-menhirs or statue-stele, absent in Villa S.Antonio but diffused in the whole center of Sardinia, especially in the Sarcidano, in the Barigadu and in the Mandrolisai: these statues are characterized by an anthropomorphous facial scheme on upper edge, and a simple or double dagger waistly. Others enigmatic symbols appear on the chest's height frontally. The Menhirs have been recovered during different governments, but particularly during the ex mayor Aldo Cuccu mandate, under the scientific direction of the Professor Atzeni of Cagliari University with previous authorization of the Soprintendenza ai Beni Archeologici for the provinces of Cagliari and Oristano.